Wealth and Sustainability: The Environmental and Social Dimensions of the Mining Sector in Peru

Renan Poveda, et al

Peru is the world’s second largest producer of silver, third largest producer of zinc, fourth
largest producer of lead, fifth largest copper producer, and the sixth largest producer of
gold. Richly endowed with other natural resources as well (including natural gas,
fisheries and timber), Peru is nevertheless, a poor country. The mining sector is thus
characterized by mistrust among its key stakeholders and is prone to social conflicts.